Paschim Medinipur


If we think that Panchayet is the basic root of our rural political democracy, cooperative should be treated as the economic base of our rural society. Not only the rural but also for the benefit of the every layer of the society, concept of cooperative has been proven as a magic.
Paschim Medinipur : the initial contributor in cooparative movement

In India, cooperative movement started its journey to make free the common people specially small and marginal farmers from the atrocity of the money lenders. So it has great significance in the context of India where economic discrimination is a matter of generations. Bengal Cooperative Act was implemented on 26 th March,1904. Since then Paschim Medinipur as a part of Medinipur has been carried on the glorious heritage of cooperative movement. In Medinipur, cooperative movement stepped its first on 28 th May, 1905 when Balarampur Rural Credit Cooperative Soceitey was formed. Then, Khelar Credit Cooperative Society Ltd. Was established on 22nd June , 1905. To support such credit societies, three central cooperative banks ,namely, Khelar- Balrampur Central Cooperative Bank, Beliabera Central Cooperative Bank and Medinipur Central Cooperative Bank were established on 12th January 1909, 2nd February 1912, and 14th August 1912 respectively. When, it was recommended by the All India Rural Credit Survey Committee, that there will be only one Central Cooperative Bank, all these three banks were amulgamated and a District Central Cooperative Bank , namely , Medinipur- Khelar-Beliabera Central Cooperative Bank Ltd. On 6th February,1965. Subsequently, on 18th October 1975, the name of the bank changed into Vidyasagar Central Cooperative Bank. Besides rural credit, the need of credit in urban areas was also felt by the coopertaors of the district and in 1910, The Medinipur Peoples Cooperative Bank was founded. The Land Mortgage Bank in Medinipur was established in 1956 and subsequently the same was established in Ghatal and Jhargram also. Gradually, the name was changed into Aggricultural Rural Developement Bank everywhere.
Cooperatives in present days

Since then the journey of cooperative is still continued today. All most entire district has been brought under cooperative fold. There are almost 17 types of cooperative socities working in Paschim Medinipur itself. Rural credit, urban credit, Fisheries cooperative, Milk Cooperative, Consumer cooperative, Transport coopertive, Housing cooperative, LAMPS are some of them to illustrtate the ambit of the concept of cooperative. Any kind of work can be done by forming a cooperative.
Cooperative Family in Paschim Medinipur

The Cooperation Department is the mother department and is having a huge family in the entire district. Cooperatives under credit structure is mainly of two types and being supported by the Vidyasagar Central Cooperative Bnak centrally. Short term credit cooperaitves are mainly Primary Agricultural Credit Socities or PACS and almost 800 PACS are serving the entire district. LAMPS is teh cooperative structure solely for the benefit of the tribal people. The characteristics of LAMPS is all the same as PACS and participates in Short term credit. Under Long term credit structure three ARDBs are there to serve long term credit need in rural as well as in urban areas. Urban credit comprises one Urban Cooperative Bank, Mahila Cooperaitve Society and thousands of Employees Cooperative Credit Society or ECCS.
Besides credit facility, cooperative concept facilitates the beneficiaries by supplying agricultural inputs to consumer articles in rural and urban areas. In rural areas PACS supplies consumer articles in the remotest corner of the district and also is running MR Shop. Students cosumer and Consumer Cooperative serves the urban areas. The District Wholesale Consumer Cooperative Society in Kharagpur is the apex body in this supply chain.
One Cooperative ColdStorage and hundreds of godown at the PACS or SKUS and the Marketing Cooperative Societies have formed a large network of storage facilities throughout the district. BENFED and CONFED who are also the part of the family , do the procurement of foodgrain and agricultural output as well as supplies agricultural input such as fertilizer or pesticide through the PACS entirely.
Housing Cooperative are plenty in number. Hijli Developemnet cooperative is a very good example of housing cooperative as well as multipurpose service cooperative.
The Cooperative audit is another important member of the family. There is one District Cooperative Union and under the supervision of that body one training center has been established at Jhargram. This Training Centre has excellent infrastructure and hostel facility and coordinates various type of training programme relating to agriculture, SHG, Cooperative etc.
However, this entire cooperative family is being supervised through the Range Office of Cooperation Directorate and one officer of the rank of WBCS Group A and designated as the Assistant Registrar of Cooperative Societies (ARCS) is in charge of this office. At the block level , Inspector of Cooperative Socities (CI) in each block supervises the structure at the block level.
With such huge volume of workforce and mass strength , this cooperative family is tendering its services to every sector of the society specially to the priority sector.

Why Cooperative ?

The concept of Cooperative is an unique and revolutionary one. Few people with a common interest can form a cooperative and can do any kind of legal organised activity on the basis of their interest. As the financial participation occurs, the whole hearted approach towards its development remains. The social contribution of this concept specially in priority sector is incomparable. The maximum number of KCC is being supplied through PACS. Forming Farmer’s club or SHGs the PACS contributes much in priority sector lending. By supplying agricultural input, PACS becomes a centre of agricultural activity at the rural area. Even to percolate different governmental programme to emphasise the agricultural development, such as RKVY, NHM, NREGES, PACS has been proven a better option. Forming a cooperative at rural level helps the common people to become part of their own development. Besides priority sector, any other sector can also similarly be benefitted .

Few important information:

The Acts and Rules administered by the officer is West Bengal Cooperative Acts 1983 & West Bengal Cooperative Societies Rule 1987. Few important acts and rules are being mentioned here considering its usefulness to the co-operators.
Minimum member required for registration of different kind of cooperatives
PACS : 50 landholders
LABOUR CONTRACT COOPERATIVE : 50 [out of which 40% should be SC/ST ]
ENGINEERS COOPERATIVE : 10 [ out of which 40% graduate and 60%
engineering degree holder]

Schemes implemented by the office:

Name of the schemes
Salient featuers Eligibilty of beneficiary Entitlement of beneficiary How beneficiary gets entitlement
RKVY Development of agricultural output by developing infrastructure as well as knowledge PACS & Members of PACS PACS would get fund for the development of the infrastructure and in turn would serve the members in a better way Should apply for the projects to the ARCS
RIDF Development of infrastructure which can be used for development activity PACS/ PAMS/Any other cooperative Should apply through ARCS
NCDC rural godown Development of rural godown PACS / PAMS Apply through ARCS
Strengthening of PACS Diversification of business PACS Apply through ARCS
NREGS Rural employment generations through upgradation of land for cultivation,excavation of pond SC, ST and small marginal farmer member of PACS Deveopment of agricultural land of the beneficiary
Or excavation of pond for the beneficiary
Apply through PACS of the concerned area
Last Updated On:   Monday 14 May 2012 10:31:56 AM IST    Your IP:   Visits:  4160 Loaded In: 0.491 Sec